Sering kali diberi tugas guru bahasa Inggris untuk membuat makalah bahasa Inggris tentang bullying? atau makalah bullying di kalangan remaja dalam pendidikan. Berikut salah satu contoh dari kumpulan makalah bullying yang dilengkapi latar belakang masalah bullying, hasil penelitian tentang bullying dan kesimpulan bullying.
Praise and thanks the writer prayed to god almighty Allah swt, because his mercy we can finish this working paper with the title of “SCHOOL BULLYING”.
In writing this working paper, the writer wants to say many thanks to the others side who has give their support for us so that this home work can finished. Among of them are:
Mr. Ilham s.pd as our foreign language teacher
Our entire friend in family nine one as our motivator.
And many person who give their help for us but we can’t mention one by one.
Finally the writer hopes all people who have given their help for us will get the mercy from Allah swt.
In writing this working paper, the writer also fell there are many lack. Remember their knowledge and skill is very minimum, so they hope suggestion and critical from all sides.
Bully is one of a phenomenon who has happened in adolescent’s circle. This case usually happens in student’s daily. Agent of bullying will intimidate and mocking their friend until they fell angry and even crying.
School bullying really needs to avoid, because it will give many negative impact for the victim. One example, they are afraid to go to school so that their achievement will go down. Not only the victim, but also the agent and the people who watched it will get the impact.
Although bullying become the problem for a long time, but still many people doesn’t give their attention and awareness for them. And even they don’t understand about the impact of bullying. So that this case keeps happen and happen.
Because it, we are the five groups really interesting to bring this material in discussion forum in order that all people in this class can understand and avoid this treatment.
What is the definition school bullying?
Mention the types of school bullying!
What is the factor of school bullying?
What is the impact of school bullying?
How to prevent and overcome the school bullying?
School bullying is a worldwide problem that can have negative consequence for the general school climate and for the right of student to learn in a safe environment without fear.
1. Types of school bullying are :
Covert or relational bullying
2. Cause of school bullying:
Bullies come from dysfunctional family
Bullying behavior usual gets rewarded
There are many student never care their friends felling
The agent of bullies can’t regulate their emotion
Cause of media
3. Impact of school bullying :
Will give the impact for the victims.
Also give the impact for the agent of bullying
The relationship between bullying and vuicide
5. To prevent school bullying, we can do:
Make a bullying as a part of curriculum
There should be an established system for a child to report being bullied.
There should be classroom discussion about motivation and effects of bullying.
Counseling should be available to kids who are bullied, for the bullies and for those who help the bullies.
There should be awareness from every individual
1. For giving information about definition of school bullying and kinds of this action.
2. For knowing the factor and impact of school bullying.
3. For knowing and understand the step to prevent and overcome school bullying.
A. DEFINATION OF SCHOOL BULLYING
s long as we know, many people interpret the definition of bullying as violence action, oppression action, and intimidation action. Three words above is not describe about definition of school bullying, but it is refer to incident who has expose because this case.
Here some definition of school bullying according to specialist’s argument.
Olweus (1994) describe bullying in general way as “repeated negative, ill-intentioned behavior by one or more students directed against a student who has difficultly defending himself or herself.
Tattum and Tattum (1993), explain that bullying is the intentional action for hurting and giving pressure for someone.
From explanation above, we can conclude that school bullying is repeated verbal, physical, social or psychological behavior that is harmful and involves the misuse of power by an individual or group towards one or more persons.
B.TYPES OF SCHOOL BULLYING
Bullying is defined as mean, hurtful behavior that occurs repeatedly in a relationship with an imbalance of power or strength. It takes many forms, namely verbal, physic, relational, and cyber bullying.
Verbal bullying or bullying with cruel spoken words, involves ongoing name-calling, threatening, and making disrespectful comments about someone attributes (appearance, religion, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, shortage, etc)
2. PHYSICAL BULLYING
Physical bullying or bullying with aggressive physical intimidation, involves repeated hitting, kicking, tripping, blocking, pushing, and touching in unwanted and inappropriate ways. Most of seen scenario is when a student of a bigger built picks on petite and susceptible individualism. It’s also happens when a group inflicts physical bully to another students/ member of group.
Since technology is already a part of everyone’s life, it is also common to inflict harm using it. One of them is cyber bullying. Most kids today are provided with cellular phones, tablets, laptops, digital cameras, and other gadgets. They use it for judge their friend.
So, cyber bullying is bullying in cyberspace by spreading mean words, lies, false, rumors, through emails, text message, and social media post. Sexist, racist, and homophobic messages create hostile atmosphere, even when not directly targeting us.
4. COVERT OR RELATIONAL BULLYING
This is also called indirect bullying. Covert bullying is bullying with exclusionary tactic, involves deliberately preventing someone for joining or being part if group, whether it’s at a lunch table, game, sport, or social activity.
Baca Juga: Makalah Tentang Bullying di Kalangan Pelajar
C. THE REASON OF SCHOOL BULYING.
To understand causes of bullying you must realize that bully victims may:
Be less popular
Be over underweight
Be of a different race of religion
Be from a different socioeconomic background
Be gay or lesbian
Have a disability
Some of the common causes of bullying are:
1. Bullies come from dysfunctional families.
A dysfunctional family is not guaranteeing that ac child will become bullies. However, a large number of bullies come from homes where there is little affection and openness. They may often witness their parents being aggressive toward friends, siblings or other members of the family.
2. Bullies need to be in control
Kids who push others around are often driven by the need for power. They enjoy being able to subdue others. These types of kids are typically impulsive and hot headed and they thrive when their victims cower in their presence.
3. Bullying behavior get rewarded
Most people don’t do this intentionally. However, the perpetrator is inadvertently rewarded anytime victims give up their lunch money or belongings. They also get rewarded by gaining popularity, attention or the power of having others afraid of them. These unintentional rewards reinforce bullying behavior and encourage the perpetrator to keep pushing others around.
4. The bullies don’t care how others feel
Some children lack empathy or just relish seeing others in pain. When they hurt someone, they have no sense of what the victims or the people around them are felling. Sometimes a perpetrator may even get pleasure from seeing a child yelp as he kicks him down the hallway. The reaction of the victims gives the bully a sense of accomplishment, so he continues the behavior.
5. Bullies can’t regulate their emotion
When people get frustrated and angry, they can usually stop themselves from doing things that will hurt others. When kids don’t have the ability to regulate their emotions, small annoyance severely overact. For example, a child may be innocently walking down the hall and accidentally bump into bully. Even though the child apolmogizes, the bully may lose his temper and slam the victim into the wall.
6. Influence media
Television program which is not educate will leave negative impact for their user, one of them is bullying. When the teenager watch or read it in media, and they can’t filter what their look, automatically they will imitate the activities. This is also happen in bullying case. Most of the bullies do the bullying to their friend after watch or read it in media.
D. IMPACT OF SCHOOL BULLYING
Bullying can give effect for everyone, those who are bullied, those who bully, and those who witness bullying. Bullying is linked to many negative outcomes including impacts on mental health, substance use, and suicide.
1. Kids who are bullied
Kids who are bullied can experience negative physical, school, and mental health issues. Kids who are bullied are more likely to experiences:
Depression and anxiety, increased feelings or sadness and loneliness, change in sleep and eating patterns, and loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy. These issues may persist into adulthood.
Decreased academic achievement and school participation. They more likely to miss, skip, or drop out of school.
2. Kids who bully others
Kids who bully others can also engage in violent and other behaviors into adulthood. Kids who bully more likely to:
Abuse alcohol and other drugs in adolescence and as adults
Get into fights, vandalize, property, and drop out of school
Engage in early sexual activity
Have criminal convictions and traffic citations as adults
Be abusive toward their romantic partners, spouses, or children as adults
Kids who witness bullying are more likely to:
have increased use of tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs
have increased mental health problems, including depression and anxiety
miss or skip school
4. the relationship between bullying and suicide
Media reports often link bullying with suicide. However, most youth who are bullied do not have thoughts of suicide or engage in suicidal behaviors. Although kids who are bullied are at risk suicide, bullying alone is not the cause. Many issues contribute to suicide risk like including depression, problems at home, and trauma history.
But this risk can happen if the kids are not supported by parents, peers, and schools. Bullying can make unsupportive situation worse and make the victim want to kill themselves.
E.PREVENTING AND OVERCOME SCHOOL BULLYING
1. Preventing School Bullying
Bullying can threaten student’s physical and emotional safety at school and can negatively impact for their ability to learn. The best way to address bullying is to stop it before it stars. There are a number of things that we can do to make safer and prevent bullying.
Engage parents and youth
Create policies and rules.
Educate students and school staff
Actually, to prevent bullying we can start from our self. We need to know how danger of bullying. Because it to prevent the bullying really need cooperation between school and parents.
2. Overcome school bullying
For helping the victims of bullying in order their physiology don’t damage is:
Create an environment where your child or friend feels safe talking to you
Make a commitment to help resolve the issue
Discus the bullying incidents in detail with school personnel
Emphasize that your goal is to see that your child feels safe at school.
The parent should be keep the lines of communication open with their child
School bullying is repeated verbal, physical, social or psychological behavior that is harmful and involves the misuse of power by an individual or group towards one or more persons.
Cases of school bullying have been happen in many schools. This action can be happen because many reason. But the important thing that we must remember is bully has many negative impacts for us (for the victim, bullies or bystanders). So we have to avoid this action for our future.